PowerScale OneFS 9.5

Dell PowerScale is already powering up the new year with the launch of the innovative OneFS 9.5 release, which shipped today (24th January 2023).

With data integrity and protection being top of mind in this era of unprecedented corporate cyber threats, OneFS 9.5 brings an array of new security features and functionality to keep your unstructured data and workloads more secure than ever, as well as delivering significant performance gains on the PowerScale nodes – such as up to 55% higher performance on all-flash F600 and F900 nodes as compared with the previous OneFS release.[3]

Table Description automatically generated

OneFS and hardware security features

New PowerScale OneFS 9.5 security enhancements include those that directly satisfy US Federal and DoD mandates, such as FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria, and DISA STIGs – in addition to general enterprise data security requirements. Multi-factor authentication (MFA), single sign-on (SSO) support, data encryption in-flight and at rest, TLS 1.2, USGv6R1 IPv6 support, SED Master Key rekey, plus a new host-based firewall are all part of OneFS 9.5.

15TB and 30TB self-encrypting (SED) SSDs now enable PowerScale platforms running OneFS 9.5 to scale up to 186 PB of encrypted raw capacity per cluster – all within a single volume and filesystem, and before any additional compression and deduplication benefit.

Delivering federal-grade security to protect data under a zero trust model 

Security-wise, the United States Government has stringent requirements for infrastructure providers such as Dell Technologies, requiring vendors to certify that products comply with requirements such as USGv6, STIGs, DoDIN APL, Common Criteria, and so on. Activating the OneFS 9.5 cluster hardening option implements a default maximum security configuration with AES and SHA cryptography, which automatically renders a cluster FIPS 140-2 compliant.

OneFS 9.5 introduces SAML-based single sign-on (SSO) from both the command line and WebUI using a redesigned login screen. OneFS SSO is compatible with identity providers (IDPs) such as Active Directory Federation Services, and is also multi-tenant aware, allowing independent configuration for each of a cluster’s Access Zones.

Federal APL requirements mandate that a system must validate all certificates in a chain up to a trusted CA root certificate. To address this, OneFS 9.5 introduces a common Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) library to issue, maintain, and revoke public key certificates. These certificates provide digital signature and encryption capabilities, using public key cryptography to provide identification and authentication, data integrity, and confidentiality. This PKI library is used by all OneFS components that need PKI certificate verification support, such as SecureSMTP, ensuring that they all meet Federal PKI requirements.

This new OneFS 9.5 PKI and certificate authority infrastructure enables multi-factor authentication, allowing users to swipe a CAC or PIV smartcard containing their login credentials to gain access to a cluster, rather than manually entering username and password information. Additional account policy restrictions in OneFS 9.5 automatically disable inactive accounts, provide concurrent administrative session limits, and implement a delay after a failed login.

As part of FIPS 140-2 compliance, OneFS 9.5 introduces a new key manager, providing a secure central repository for secrets such as machine passwords, Kerberos keytabs, and other credentials, with the option of using MCF (modular crypt format) with SHA256 or SHA512 hash types. OneFS protocols and services may be configured to support FIPS 140-2 data-in-flight encryption compliance, while SED clusters and the new Master Key re-key capability provide FIPS 140-2 data-at-rest encryption. Plus, any unused or non-compliant services are easily disabled.

On the network side, the Federal APL has several IPv6 (USGv6) requirements that are focused on allowing granular control of individual components of a cluster’s IPv6 stack, such as duplicate address detection (DAD) and link local IP control. Satisfying both STIG and APL requirements, the new OneFS 9.5 front-end firewall allows security admins to restrict the management interface to specified subnet and implement port blocking and packet filtering rules from the cluster’s command line or WebUI, in accordance with federal or corporate security policy.

Improving performance for the most demanding workloads

OneFS 9.5 unlocks dramatic performance gains, particularly for the all-flash NVMe platforms, where the PowerScale F900 can now support line-rate streaming reads. SmartCache enhancements allow OneFS 9.5 to deliver streaming read performance gains of up to 55% on the F-series nodes, F600 and F9003, delivering benefit to media and entertainment workloads, plus AI, machine learning, deep learning, and more.

Enhancements to SmartPools in OneFS 9.5 introduce configurable transfer limits. These limits include maximum capacity thresholds, expressed as a percentage, above which SmartPools will not attempt to move files to a particular tier, boosting both reliability and tiering performance.

Granular cluster performance control is enabled with the debut of PowerScale SmartQoS, which allows admins to configure limits on the maximum number of protocol operations that NFS, S3, SMB, or mixed protocol workloads can consume.

Enhancing enterprise-grade supportability and serviceability

OneFS 9.5 enables SupportAssist, Dell’s next generation remote connectivity system for transmitting events, logs, and telemetry from a PowerScale cluster to Dell Support. SupportAssist provides a full replacement for ESRS, as well as enabling Dell Support to perform remote diagnosis and remediation of cluster issues.

Upgrading to OneFS 9.5 

The new OneFS 9.5 code is available on the Dell Technologies Support site, as both an upgrade and reimage file, allowing both installation and upgrade of this new release.

For existing clusters running a prior OneFS release, we recommend opening a Service Request with Dell Technologies Support to schedule an upgrade. To provide a consistent and positive upgrade experience, Dell is offering assisted upgrades to OneFS 9.5.0 at no cost to customers with a valid support contract. Please refer to Knowledge Base article KB544296 for additional information on how to initiate the upgrade process.

We’ll be taking a deeper look at the new  OneFS 9.5 features and functionality in additional blog articles over the course of the next few weeks.

[1] Based on Dell analysis, August 2021.

[2] Based on Dell analysis comparing cybersecurity software capabilities offered for Dell PowerScale vs. competitive products, September 2022.

[3] Based on Dell internal testing, January 2023. Actual results will vary.

OneFS SmartQuotas Efficiency Reporting

In this final article in the OneFS SmartQuotas series we focus on data reduction and storage efficiency reporting:

SmartQuotas reports both data reduction and efficiency as a ratio across the desired dataset as specified in the quota path field. These efficiency and data reduction ratios are for the full quota directory and its contents, including any overhead, and reflects the net efficiency of both compression and deduplication.

The ‘isi quota quotas view’ CLI command provides considerably more detailed storage capacity and efficiency metrics. These include the following:

Metric Description
AppLogical The application data that can be written to the cluster, irrespective of where it’s stored from.
FSLogical Removing sparse data (data that was always sparse, was zero block eliminated, or data that’s been moved to the cloud, etc) results in filesystem logical, which is the non-sparse data stored on the filesystem.
AppPhysical Data reduction techniques, such as compression and dedupe, reduce filesystem logical to application physical, or pre-protected physical. This is the physical size application data on the filesystem disks, and does not include metadata, protection overhead, or data moved to the cloud.
FSPhysical Application physical with data protection overhead added – including inode, mirroring and FEC blocks, etc. Filesystem physical is also referred to as protected physical.
Reduction The data reduction ratio is the amount that’s been reduced from the filesystem logical down to the application physical.
Efficiency Storage efficiency ratio is the filesystem logical divided by the filesystem physical.

With OneFS, the relationship between the capacity, data reduction and storage efficiency elements is as follows:

SmartQuotas reports the capacity saving from in-line data reduction as a storage efficiency ratio across the desired data set, or quota domain, as specified in the quota path field. The efficiency ratio is for the full quota directory and its contents, including any overhead, and reflects the net efficiency of compression and deduplication. On a cluster with licensed and configured SmartQuotas, this efficiency ratio can be easily viewed from the WebUI by navigating to ‘File System > SmartQuotas > Quotas and Usage’. In OneFS 9.2 and later, in addition to the storage efficiency ratio, the data reduction ratio is also displayed.

Similarly, the same data can be accessed from the OneFS command line via is ‘isi quota quotas list’ CLI command. For example:

# isi quota quotas list Type      AppliesTo  Path  Snap  Hard  Soft  Adv  Used  Reduction  Efficiency ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ directory DEFAULT    /ifs  No    -     -     -    6.02T 2.54 : 1   1.77 : 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total: 1

More detail, including both the physical (raw) and logical (effective) data capacities, is also available via the ‘isi quota quotas view <path> <type>’ CLI command. For example:

# isi quota quotas view /ifs directory                         Path: /ifs                         Type: directory                    Snapshots: No                     Enforced: No                    Container: No                       Linked: No                        Usage                            Files: 5759676          Physical(With Overhead): 6.93T         FSPhysical(Deduplicated): 3.41T          FSLogical(W/O Overhead): 6.02T         AppLogical(ApparentSize): 6.01T                    ShadowLogical: -                     PhysicalData: 2.01T                       Protection: 781.34G      Reduction(Logical/Data): 2.54 : 1 Efficiency(Logical/Physical): 1.77 : 1

To configure SmartQuotas for in-line data efficiency reporting, create a directory quota at the top-level file system directory of interest, for example /ifs. Creating and configuring a directory quota is a simple procedure and can be performed from the WebUI by navigate to ‘File System > SmartQuotas > Quotas and Usage’ and selecting ‘Create a Quota’. In the create pane, field, set the Quota type to ‘Directory quota’, add the preferred top-level path to report on, select ‘application logical size’ for Quota Accounting, and set the Quota Limits to ‘Track storage without specifying a storage limit’. Finally, select the ‘Create Quota’ button to confirm the configuration and activate the new directory quota.

The efficiency ratio is a single, current-in time efficiency metric that is calculated per quota directory and includes the sum of in-line compression, zero block removal, in-line dedupe and SmartDedupe. This is in contrast to a history of stats over time, as reported in the ‘isi statistics data-reduction’ CLI command output, described above. As such, the efficiency ratio for the entire quota directory will reflect what is actually there.

When using SyncIQ replication on a cluster pair that are also running SmartQuotas, the quotas are matched one-to-one across the replication set. Multiple quotas are supported within a source directory or domain structure, and the target directory is included in a quota domain.

During replication SyncIQ ignores quota limits. However, if a quota is over limit, quotas still prevent users from adding additional data. SyncIQ will never automatically delete an existing target quota. Instead, a SyncIQ will fail, as opposed to deleting an existing quota. This may occur during an initial sync where the target directory has an existing quota under it, or if a source directory is deleted that has a quota on it on the target. The quota still remains and requires administrative removal if desired

Application logical quotas, available in OneFS 8.2 and later, provide a quota accounting metric, which accounts for, reports and enforces on the actual space consumed and available for storage, independent of whether files are on-premises or cloud-tiered.

In addition to data-protection overhead, the option is provided on whether to include snapshot data when calculating a quota’s usage limits.

SmartQuotas will only report on snapshots created after the quota domain was created. This is because determining quota governance (including QuotaScan job) for existing snapshots is a very time and resource consuming operation. However, as snapshots age out, SmartQuotas will gradually accrue accounting information for the entire set of relevant snapshots.

Compressed and deduplicated files appear no differently than regular files to standard quota policies. However, for deduplicated files, if the quota is configured to include data-protection overhead, the additional space used by the shadow store will not be accounted for by the quota.

OneFS and QLC SED Drives

A couple of days ago on 5th January, Dell announced support for quad-level cell (QLC) self-encrypting (SED) flash media for PowerScale. Specifically, the F900 and F600 all-flash NVMe platforms are now available with 15.4TB and 30.7TB QLC SED NVMe drives.

These new QLC SED drives offer a compelling blend of security, capacity, performance, reliability and affordability – and will be particularly beneficial for sensitive workloads and datasets requiring at-rest encryption.

The details of the new QLC SED drive options for the F600 and F900 platforms are as follows:

PowerScale Node Chassis specs

(per node)

Raw capacity

(per node)

Max Raw capacity
(252 node cluster)
F900 2U with 24 NVMe SSD drives 737.28TB with 30.72TB QLC

368.6TB with 15.36TB QLC

185.79PB with 30.72TB QLC

92.83PB with 15.36TB QLC

F600 1U with 8 NVMe SSD drives 245.76TB with 30.72TB QLC

122.88TB with 15.36TB QLC

61.93PB with 30.72TB QLC

30.96PB with 15.36TB QLC

This allows a PowerScale F900 cluster with the 30.7TB QLC SED drives to grow up to 185.79PB of raw encrypted data capacity in a single volume, coupled with predictable linear performance scaling!

The new QLC SED drives double the all-flash capacity footprint for encrypted data, as compared to previous generations – while delivering robust environmental efficiencies in consolidated rack space, power and cooling. What’s more, PowerScale F600 and F900 nodes containing QLC SED drives can deliver the same level of performance as TLC SED drives, thereby delivering vastly superior economics and value.

QLC-based F600 and F900 SED nodes can easily be rapidly and non-disruptively integrated into existing PowerScale clusters.

Before we get into the details, a quick terminology review:

Term Details
DARE Data-at-rest encryption
FIPS Federal Information Processing Standard 140 (currently at version 3: FIPS 140-3)
ISE Instant Secure Erase (Drives that support crypto erase but are not SEDs)
Non-FIPS SED drive that supports data-at-rest encryption, but has not yet been FIPS 140-3 certified.
QLC Quad-level cell, high capacity SSD (4 bits per cell).
SED Self-encrypting drive that supports data-at-rest encryption (includes both FIPS and non-FIPS drives).
SSD Solid State Drive, using flash memory for storage rather than spinning magnetic media.
TLC Tri-level cell SSD (3 bits per cell).

With the introduction of a new version of the FIPS 140 standard (FIPS 140-3), these new QLC SED drives fall under the ‘non-FIPS’ category above, and are currently intended for customers that need data-at-rest encryption but do not explicitly require US FIPS certification. That said, FIPS 140-3 certification of these QLC SED SSD drives is in porgess and will be completed later this year.

Under the hood, PowerScale support for these new drives requires the addition of a new ‘QLC SED-Non-FIPS’ OneFS drive category. Since the overall data-at-rest protection provided by a cluster is determined by the lowest protection offered by any component in the cluster, if a cluster contains any SED-Non-FIPS drives, it cannot claim to provide FIPS-certified protection. As such, actions that would reduce the protection level provided by a cluster are blocked.

OneFS now recognizes the following drive types with their corresponding SED compliance level:

SED Drive Type Compliance Level
SED-FIPS-140-2 2
SED-FIPS-140-3 3

For the curious, the compliance level can be queried via a SED node’s drives-psi.conf file. For example:

# cat /etc/psi.conf.d/drives-psi.conf | grep -i compliance

compliance_level = 0;

From the WebUI, the ‘drive details’ pop-up window in OneFS is extended to display the drive’s compliance status via a new ‘SED Compliance Level’ field. This can be viewed by navigating to Hardware configuration > Drives and selecting ‘View details’ for the desired drive:

The ‘isi device drive view’ CLI command in OneFS also reports the ‘SED Compliance Level’ field:

# isi device drive view 10

Lnn: 1

Location: Bay 10

Lnum: N/A

Device: /dev/nvd2

Baynum: 10

Handle: 364

Serial: PHAC2044006Y15PHGN

Model: Dell Ent NVMe SED P5316 RI 15.36TB

Tech: NVME

Media: SSD

Media Class: QLC

SED Compliance Level: SED-NON-FIPS 

Blocks: 30001856512

Logical Block Length: 512

Physical Block Length: 512 W

WN: 01000000010000005CD2E4B110325551


Purpose: UNKNOWN

Purpose Description: A drive whose purpose is unknown

Present: Yes

Percent Formatted: 0

Or from the ‘isi status –node’ CLI command, which is also enhanced to display a new node-level ‘SED Compliance Level’ attribute:

# isi status --node 1

Node LNN:               1

Node ID:                1

Node Name:              tme-1

Node IP Address:

Node Health:            -A—

Node Ext Conn:          C

Node SN:                8QMKR33

SED Compliance Level:   SED-NON-FIPS 

Member of Node Pools:   n/a

Member of Tiers:        n/a

Node Capacity:          19.0T

Available:              19.0T (> 99%)

Used:                   1.1G (< 1%)

Similarly, the node compliance level is reported in the OneFS WebUI for each drive in Hardware Configuration->Nodes->Node Details. For example:

Additionally, PowerScale F600 and F900 nodes must be running OneFS and DSP v1.43.2 or later in order to support QLC SED drives. In the event of a QLC SED drive failure, it must be replaced with another QLC  SED drive. More specifically:

Node Type Drive Type Drive Supported

If the wrong type of drive is inadvertently added to a node, the ‘SYS_DISK_WRONGTYPE’ CELOG event will provide a detailed description of why the drive is incorrect.

Also, per the OneFS compatibility rules, joins of SED-Non-FIPS nodes to SED-FIPS clusters are also blocked.

Minimum Node in Cluster Joining Node Type Join Supported

Finally, any attempts to downgrade a QLC SED node to a version prior to OneFS will be blocked.

OneFS SmartQuotas Accounting and Reporting

In this next article in the OneFS SmartQuotas series we turn our attention to quota accounting and reporting:

SmartQuotas has four main resources used in quota accounting:

Accounting Resource Description
Physical Size This includes all the on-disk storage associated with files and directories, with the exception of some metadata objects including the LIN tree, snapshot tracking files (STFs). For deduplicated data and file clones, each file’s 8 KB reference to a shadow store is included in the physical space calculation.
File system logical size File system logical size calculation approximates disk usage on ‘typical’ storage arrays by ignoring the erasure code, or FEC, protection overhead that OneFS employs. For regular files, the logical data space is the amount of storage required to house a particular file if it was 1x mirrored. Logical space also incorporates a file’s metadata resources.
Application Logical Size Reports total logical data store across different tiers, including CloudPools. This allows users to view quotas and free space as an application would view it, in terms of how much capacity is available to store logical data regardless of data reduction or tiering technology.
Inodes SmartQuotas counts the number of logical inodes, which allows accounting for files without any ambiguity from hard links or protection.

 When configuring a quota, these are accounting resource options are available as enforcement limits. For example, from the OneFS WebUI:

Application logical size quotas are available in OneFS 8.2 and later. Existing quotas can easily be configured to use application logical size upon upgrading from an earlier OneFS version. The benefits of application logical size quotas include:

  • Snapshots, protection overhead, deduplication, compression, and location of files all have no effect on quota consumption
  • Removes previous limitation where SmartQuotas only reported on-cluster storage, ignoring cloud consumption
  • Presents view that aligns with Windows storage accounting
  • Enables accounting and enforcing quota on actual file sizes
  • Precisely accounts for small files
  • Enables enforcing quotas on a path irrespective of the physical location of file.

The following table describes how SmartQuotas accounts for a 1KB file with the various datatypes:

Data Type Accounting
File: physical size Every non-sparse 8 KB disk block a file consumes including protection
File: file system logical size Every non-sparse 8 KB disk block a file consumes excluding protection
File: application logical size Actual size of file (rather than total of 8 KB disk blocks consumed)
CloudPools file: file system logical size Size of CloudPools SmartLink stub file (8 KB)
CloudPools file: application logical size Actual size of file on cloud storage (rather than local stub file)
Directories Sum of all directory entries
Symlinks Data size
ACL and similar Data size
Alternate data stream Each ADS is charged as a file and a container as a directory

The example below shows each method of accounting for a 1KB file.

Method Details
Logical size accounting Sum of physical sizes of all files/directories without overhead.
Physical size accounting Sum of physical sizes of all files/dirs with protection overhead.
Application Logical Accounting Sum of actual sizes of all files/directories.

So the logical size is reported as 8 KB, or one block, physical size reports 24 KB (file with 3x mirroring protection), and application logical shows its actual size of 1 KB.

Other resources encountered during quota accounting include:

Resource Description
Hard Link Each logical inode is accounted exactly once in every domain to which it belongs. If an inode is present in multiple domains, it is accounted in multiple domains. Alternatives such as shared accounting were considered. However, if inodes are not accounted once in every domain, it is possible for the deletion of a hard link in one domain to put another domain over quota.
Alternate Data Stream (ADS) A file with an alternate data stream or resource fork is accounted as the sum of the resource usage of the individual file, the usage for the container directory and the usage for each ADS. SmartQuotas handles the rename of a file with ADS synchronously, despite the fact that the ADS container is just a directory. SmartQuotas will store an accounting summary on the ADS container to handle renames.
Directory Rename A directory rename presents a unique challenge to a per-directory quota system. Renames of directories within a domain are trivial – if both the source and target directories have the same domain membership, no accounting changes. However, non-empty directories are not permitted to be moved when the SmartQuotas configuration is different on the source and the target parent directories. If a user trusts the client operating systems to copy files and preserve all the necessary attributes, then the user may set dir_rename_errno to EXDEV, which causes most UNIX and Windows clients to do a copy and delete of the directory tree to affect the move.
Snapshot Accounting If wanted, a quota domain can also include snapshot usage in its accounting. SmartQuotas will only support snapshots created after the quota domain was created. This is because determining quota governance (including QuotaScan job) for existing snapshots is a very time and resource consuming operation. As most administrators cycle their snapshots through timed expirations, SmartQuotas will eventually accrue enough accounting information to include the entire set of relevant snapshots on the system.

SmartQuotas supports flexible reporting options that enable administrators to more effectively manage cluster resources and analyze usage statistics. The goal of Quota Reporting is to provide a summarized view of the past or present state of the Quota Domains. There are three methods of data collection and reporting that are supported:

Reporting Method Detail
Scheduled Scheduled reports are generated and saved on a regular interval.
Ad-hoc Ad-hoc reports are generated and saved per request of the user.
Live Live reports are generated for immediate and temporary viewing

 A summary of general quota usage info can be viewed from the CLI via the ‘isi quota quotas list’ command syntax. Or from the WebUI, by navigating to File System > SmartQuotas > Quotas and Usage.

For each quota entry, additional information and context is available via the ‘isi quota quotas view <quota_name>’ CLI command, or by clicking on the WebUI ‘View / Edit’ button:

Client-side quota reporting includes support for rpc.quotad, which allows NFS clients to view quota consumption for both hard and soft quotas using the native Linux and UNIX ‘quota’ CLI utilities. There is also the ability to view available user capacity set by soft and/or hard user or group quotas, rather than the entire cluster capacity or parent directory-quotas.

The quota reports and summaries are typically stored in the /ifs/.isilon/smartquotas/reports directory, but this location is configurable. Each generated report includes the quota domain definition, state, usage, and global configuration settings. By default, ten reports and ten summaries are kept at a time, and older versions are purged. This can be configured from the WebUI, by navigating to File System > SmartQuotas > Settings:

On demand reports can also be created at any time to view the current state of the storage quotas system. These live reports can be saved manually.

Reports and summaries are prefixed by either ‘ad hoc’ or ‘scheduled’ to aid with identification.

The OneFS CLI export functionality makes use of the same data generation and storage format as quota reporting but should not require any extra requirements beyond the three types of reports. After the collection of the raw reporting data, data summaries can be produced given a set of filtering parameters and sorting type.

Reports can be viewed from historical sampled data or a live system. In either case, the reports are views of usage data at a given time. SmartQuotas does not provide reports on aggregated data over time (trending reports). However, the raw data can be used by a Quota Administrator to answer trending questions.

A quota report is a time-stamped XML file that starts off with global configuration settings and global notification rules:

# cat scheduled_quota_report_1465786800.xml




                <schedule-pattern>1100000000|every sunday at 11pm</schedule-pattern>











        <domain type="default-group" snaps="0" lin="0x0000000100020006">



            <enforcements default-resource="logical">


            <notifications use="global"/>


        <domain type="group" snaps="0" lin="0x0000000100020006" id="0">



            <usage resource="physical">109568</usage>

            <usage resource="logical">32929</usage>

            <usage resource="inodes">6</usage>



            <enforcements default-resource="logical">


            <notifications use="default"/>


        <domain type="group" snaps="0" lin="0x0000000100020006" id="10">



            <usage resource="physical">28160</usage>

            <usage resource="logical">8208</usage>

            <usage resource="inodes">2</usage>



            <enforcements default-resource="logical">


            <notifications use="default"/>


        <domain type="group" snaps="0" lin="0x0000000100020006" id="1800">


            <id-name>Isilon Users</id-name>

            <usage resource="physical">1811456</usage>

            <usage resource="logical">705620</usage>

            <usage resource="inodes">42</usage>



            <enforcements default-resource="logical">


            <notifications use="default"/>


        <domain type="user" snaps="0" lin="0x0000000100020596" id="2002">


            <usage resource="physical">1001984</usage>

            <usage resource="logical">483743</usage>

            <usage resource="inodes">12</usage>


            <enforcements default-resource="logical">

                <enforcement type="soft" resource="logical">




                <enforcement type="advisory" resource="logical">





                <quota-notify-map tag="1"></quota-notify-map>





When listing domains, both inode and path, as well as name and ID, are stored with each domain. Quota Notification Rules are read and inserted into a domain entry only if the domain is not inherited to avoid any performance impact of reading the Quota Notification Rules with each domain.

SmartQuotas can be configured to produce scheduled reports to help monitor, track, and analyze storage use on a OneFS powered cluster.

Quota reports are managed by configuring settings that provide control over when reports are scheduled, how they are generated, where and how many are stored and how they are viewed. The maximum number of scheduled reports that are available for viewing in the web-administration interface can be configured for each report type. When the maximum number of reports is stored, the system automatically deletes the oldest reports to make space for new reports as they are generated.

SmartQuotas can be easily configured to generate quota report settings to generate the quota report on a specified schedule. These settings determine whether and when scheduled reports are generated, and where and how the reports are stored. Even if scheduled reports are disabled, you can still run unscheduled reports at any time.

The method to do this is:

  1. From the OneFS WebUI, go to File System Management > SmartQuotas > Settings.
  2. (Optional) On the Quota settings page, for Scheduled Reporting, click On. The Report Frequency option appears.
  3. Click Change schedule and select the report frequency that you want to set from the list.
  4. Select the reporting schedule options that you want.
  5. Click Save.

Reports are generated according to your criteria and can be viewed in the Generated Reports Archive.

In addition to scheduled quota reports, you can generate a report to capture usage statistics at a point in time. Before you can generate a quota report, quotas must exist and no QuotaScan jobs can be running.

The following procedure will achieve this:

  1. Click File System Management > SmartQuotas > Generated Reports Archive.
  2. In the Generated Quota Reports Archive area, click Generate a quota report.
  3. Click Generate Report.

The new report appears in the Quota Reports list.

You can locate quota reports, which are stored as XML files, and use your own tools and transforms to view them. This task can only be performed from the OneFS command-line interface.

A procedure for this is as follows:

  1. Open a secure shell (SSH) connection to any node in the cluster and log in.
  2. Go to the directory where quota reports are stored. The following path is the default quota report location:

If quota reports are not in the default directory, you can run the isi quota settings command to find the directory where they are stored.

  1. At the command prompt, run the ls command.

To view a list of all quota reports in the directory, run the following command:

# ls -a *.xml

To view a specific quota report in the directory, run the following command:

# ls <filename>.xml